RELATIONS WITH THE OECD:
Competition is among the outstanding topics dealt with by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The Competition Committee, which is the body of the OECD responsible for competition-related matters and Working Party No. 2, which deals with the effects of regulatory transactions and legislation on competition together with Working Party No. 3, which deals with cooperation in the field of competition and implementation of competition rules, under the Committee hold three meetings each year in February, June and October respectively. The Competition Committee holds a Global Forum on Competition which is open not only to member states and observers but also to non-member states. The Competition Committee prepares discussions in meetings as committee reports, best practice roundtables and policy briefs. The Competition Committee also performs the preparation ofrecommendations and best practices which are required to be adopted by the OECD Council.
The Turkish Competition Authority has been attending the OECD meetings since 1998. In this regard, the Turkish Competition Authority presents to the Competition Committee an English summary of its annual report. Furthermore, the Turkish Competition Authority has endeavoured to be one of the active participants in meetings of the Competition Committee by means of drafting opinion for reports and recommendations prepared by the Competition Committee, as well as submitting written country contributions.
The Turkish Competition Authority prepared written country contributions in the following matters discussed during meetings of the Competition Committee:
In addition to the reports of 2002 mentioned above, the OECD Competition Committee also conducts a peer review process regarding competition laws and policies of OECD members. In this context, Turkey experienced a peer review when the "Review Report on Turkey's Competition Law and Policy " (Review Report) was discussed in the OECD Global Forum on Competition held on February 18, 2005. The Review Report in question has assessed the competition law and policy of Turkey in a detailed manner.
The economic policies of OECD members are subject to a review process based on a multi-disciplinary approach focusing on the government’s capacity to manage regulatory reform on competition policy and enforcement, market openness, and the regulatory framework of specific sectors. Within this framework, such a review has been conducted for Turkey in 2002 under OECD Regulatory Reform Programme leading to the report entitled “Turkey Crucial Support for Economic Recovery”. The third chapter of the report has been devoted to Competition Policy in Turkey. In addition to the third chapter, more information is available through the “Background report on Competition Policy in Regulatory Reform”.
The summary of the Review Report may be beneficial in terms of indicating the state of the Turkish competition policy in the latest times:
"This Report assesses the development and application during the last three years of competition law and policy in Turkey. It follows an OECD report prepared in 2002 as part of a larger regulatory reform study. The previous Report found that the Turkish Competition Authority ("TCA") had made a good start since it began operations in late 1997. The agency has continued to make excellent progress since 2002, and has developed a reputation as one of Turkey's most effective and best administered agencies. It has pursued its mission with energy, imagination, and integrity and has won respect and support from leaders in the business community. Most importantly, it has played a critically important role in moving the Turkish economy forward to greater reliance on competitionbased and consumer-welfare oriented market mechanisms."
COMPETITION ASSESSMENT TOOLKIT
The OECD Competition Committee has prepared a "Competition Assessment Toolkit" which can be taken into consideration by all the relevant public institutions and organizations in their Regulatory Impact Analysis studies..
OECD Competition Committee has developed a methodology to help administrations fight with collusive bidding and make public procurements healthier. OECD Guidelines on fighting collusive bidding in public procurements, which was prepared with input from more than 30 countries, helps procurement officials first in decreasing the risk of collusive practices by carefully designing the procurement process, and second, in detecting collusive agreements during the procurement process.
The relevant guidelines have been translated into Turkish. Its Turkish version, as well as other languages, may be found at www.oecd.org/competition/bidrigging.
OECD WORKING PAPER