|The theme of the Competition Summit organized on 9 November 2018 in Ankara on the occasion of the 21st Anniversary of the Turkish Competition Authority was “Competitive Approach to Agriculture-Food Industry and Value Chain”. The Minister of Agriculture and Forestry Dr. Bekir PAKDEMİRLİ honored the summit. Following the opening speeches held by the President of the Competition Authority Prof. Ömer TORLAK and the Minister of Agriculture and Forestry Dr. Bekir PAKDEMİRLİ, the head of Akdeniz University Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences Management Department Prof. Ahmet BAYANER made a presentation. Afterwards, the Vice President of the Competition Authority Kürşat ÜNLÜSOY moderated the panel where TED University Faculty member Associate Prof. Semih TÜMEN, the head of the Union of Turkish Agricultural Chambers Technical Services Board Dr. M. Fethi GÜVEN, Assistant General Director of the Ministry of Trade Hakan ÇALIŞ and CEO and CFO of BİM Birleşik Mağazalar A.Ş. Haluk DORTLUOĞLU participated as speakers. This year’s Competition Summit aimed at creating a competitive and holistic approach to agriculture-food industry value chain, which is vital for our economy, and served as a platform for participants to discuss the challenges and solutions about agriculture and food industry. President of the Competition Authority Prof. TORLAK emphasized that countries attach more and more importance to planning and implementing policies giving priority to efficiency and sustainability in agriculture and food value chain in the face of increasing needs. Highlighting that although competitive structure in agriculture-food industry may often lag behind, it is a determinative factor for the efficiency and effectiveness of government policies, Torlak pointed out that it is necessary to adopt a holistic approach at micro and macro level; create a competitive approach for agriculture-food industry reforms; to harmonize agriculture-food value chain with both local and global needs and make regulations and support programs according to this aim. Torlak also stated that the Competition Authority has carried out inquiries, within the powers granted by the Act no. 4054 on the Protection of Competition, for 21 years; those inquiries not also looked into anticompetitive conduct but also structural problems threatening or distorting competitive process. The Competition Authority shared its observations with the public authorities and institutions concerned. Minister of Agriculture and Forestry Dr. Bekir PAKDEMİRLİ emphasized that planning and security of food supply are vital for the competitiveness of agriculture-food industry and added that it is more and more important to use agriculture and water sources efficiently in the face of increasing world population; therefore, countries which make correct planning in agricultural production and create efficiencies will have more advantage in the future. Pakdemirli stated that losses and inefficiencies in agriculture-food value chain may reach high levels and there are legal regulations in this area, following those regulations everyone will take a fair share from the value created. Pakdemirli emphasized that Turkey is on the first rank across Europe with respect to agricultural yield however, we have to increase our production at 50% in 20 years for security of supply and this is only possible with a successful planning. This planning should cover all value chain stages from seed to customers. Regulation and support programs give priority to increasing agricultural lands and business scales, strengthening cooperatives and producer associations, encouraging domestic seeds and products, and using water resources efficiency. Head of Akdeniz University Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences Management Department Prof. Ahmet BAYANER touched upon the importance of efficiency in agricultural production in his presentation and stated that big firms are getting more market share by means of consolidation and vertical integration, which makes more pressure on producers’ revenues and makes producers/farmers more fragile and this is a challenge for the sustainability of the sector. Vice president Kürşat ÜNLÜSOY moderated the panel on Competitive Approach to Agriculture-Food Industry and Value Chain. First, TED Unversity Faculty Member Associate Professor Semih TÜMEN stated that each element of the value chain production-input-transport-storage-wholesale-retail sale has a different competition parameter, there are different causes for different inflationary movements, as price variations become more frequent, price perception deteriorates and the effects of inflation become more perceptible, it is not meaningful to make inspections in response to small complaints made due to seasonal price increases. The Head of the Union of Turkish Agricultural Chambers Technical Services Board Dr. M. Fethi GÜVEN highlighted that there are structural problems in agricultural production such as divided land structure, lack of producers’ organizations, cost increases due to the increases in exchange rates, the fact that Turkish farmers’ purchasing power is lower at global scale, that farmers’ share in gross domestic income is decreasing despite subventions, and the decrease in young population because of urban migration. Assistant General Director of the Ministry of Trade Hakan ÇALIŞ drew attention to the difference between producer-retailer sales prices. ÇALIŞ suggested that it is necessary to make effective marketing rather than producing more and informed that the law on wholesale market halls envisages increasing the sale of products through producers’ organizations, simplifying producers’ organizations, solving the problems related to guarantee that producers and retailers encounter by increasing market shares. Lastly ÇALIŞ underlined that products manufactured and stored are followed online and as a result it is possible to know when and what to interfere. CEO and CFO of BİM Birleşik Mağazalar A.Ş. Haluk DORTLUOĞLU stated that they are trying to establish a more economical and efficient supply chain and reflect cost increases to prices as less as possible. DORTLUOĞLU added that lack of planning in the production level is also a problem of supply stage, in each product produced there are non-production costs such as transport and package which reaches to 62% and a share of 37% is left to producers and retailers and the share of 62% should be lowered for efficiency. Competition Summit 2018 ended with presentation of plaques to speakers and panelists and a family photo.